Report: Most hospitalizations related to venomous bites, stings are caused by bees

Over 3,500 Australians were hospitalized due to contact with a venomous animal or plant in 2017–18, according to a new report released today by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).

The report, Venomous bites and stings, 2017–18, found that more than a quarter (26% or 927 cases) of these hospitalizations were caused by bee stings.

‘Australia is home to some of the most venomous animals in the world—including spiders, ticks, and 20 of the 25 most venomous snakes in the world,’

The majority of hospitalizations for bee stings were due to allergic reactions, with bees and wasps responsible for 12 of the 19 deaths related to venomous bites and stings in 2017–18."

James Harrison, AIHW spokesperson Professor, AIHW’s National Injury Surveillance Unit at Flinders University

Spider bites accounted for one-fifth (19% or 666 cases) of all venomous bite and sting related hospitalizations. Of those 666 cases, redback spiders were responsible for 42.5% (283 cases) of hospitalizations, followed by white-tailed spiders (38 cases), and funnel web spiders (25 cases).

The type of spider was unknown in just under half of all cases (45% or 300 cases). Venomous snakes were chiefly responsible for 17% (606 cases) of hospitalizations due to venomous bites and stings in 2017–18, with the type of snake unknown in around one-third of those cases (34% or 208 cases). Brown snakes accounted for 36% (215 cases) of hospitalizations due to venomous snake bites, followed by black snakes (83 cases) and tiger snakes (65 cases). Of the 19 deaths recorded in 2017–18, 7 were attributed to venomous snakes.

Alongside land-dwelling animals, Australia also has some of the world’s most venomous marine animals, including the Irukandji jellyfish."

James Harrison

Contact with venomous marine animals accounted for just under 400 hospitalizations and 0 deaths, with stinging fish (including stonefish and stingrays) responsible for 320 hospital admissions, followed by jellyfish (73 cases).

The rate of hospitalizations for all venomous bites and stings varied by states and territories across Australia. The highest rate occurred in the Northern Territory (31 cases per 100,000 population) and the lowest in the Australian Capital Territory (9 cases per 100,000).

Residents of the Very remote regions of Australia had the highest rate of hospitalizations (49 cases per 100,000) while the lowest rate was observed for residents of the Major cities of Australia (9 cases per 100,000)."

James Harrison

Another AIHW report released today, Boating and watercraft-related injury in Australia, found that 2,670 people were hospitalized for watercraft injuries in 2017–18. Passenger ships and fishing vessels were common types of boats related with watercraft injury.

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