Metabolic syndrome linked to worse hospitalization and mortality in COVID-19 patients

Patients with metabolic syndrome have significantly worse hospitalization and mortality rates due to COVID-19. Hypertension, diabetes, and obesity are common comorbidities associated with metabolic syndrome, as described in a new study published in the peer-reviewed journal Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.

"Our results demonstrate that patients with metabolic syndrome were 77% more likely to be hospitalized, 56% more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit, and 81% more likely to die from COVID-19, according to Sangeeta Kashyap, MD, from the Cleveland Clinic, and coauthors. "Obesity, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension are modifiable components of metabolic syndrome that would reduce morbidity and mortality of COVID-19," conclude the investigators.

This paper is a timely reminder of the need to appreciate individual risk factors when assessing outcomes of COVID-19 - and that obesity is probably the most important (and modifiable) risk factor that explains the increase in risk. For example, the presence of metabolic syndrome doubled the death rate from 3% to 6%. Half of all patients with metabolic syndrome were hospitalized - in contrast to 25% of those without metabolic syndrome."

Dr. Adrian Vella, Editor-in-Chief of Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders and Professor, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN

Source:

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Journal reference:

Wu, S., et al. (2022) Impact of Metabolic Syndrome on Severity of COVID-19 Illness. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders. doi.org/10.1089/met.2021.0102.

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