New research published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society indicates that for older patients in intensive care units (ICUs), COVID-19 is more severe than bacterial or viral pneumonia.
Among 11,525 patients aged 70 years and older who were admitted to Dutch ICUs, ICU-mortality and hospital-mortality rates of patients admitted with COVID-19 were 39.7% and 47.6%, respectively. These rates were higher than the mortality of patients admitted because of pneumonia from causes other than COVID. (ICU- and hospital-mortality rates of patients admitted with bacterial pneumonia were 19.1% and 28.8%, respectively, and with viral pneumonia were 22.7% and 31.8%, respectively). Differences persisted after adjusting for several clinical characteristics and intensive care unit occupancy rate.
In ICU-patients aged 70 years and older, COVID-19 is more severe-; with approximately double mortality rates-; compared with bacterial or viral pneumonia. Nevertheless, more than half of these older patients admitted to Dutch ICUs with COVID-19 survived the hospital. Our findings provide important additional data to include in informed goals-of-care discussions."
Lenneke E. M. Haas, MD, PhD, Corresponding Author of Diakonessenhuis, Netherlands
Haas, L.E.M., et al. (2023) Increased mortality in ICU patients ≥70 years old with COVID-19 compared to patients with other pneumonias. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. doi.org/10.1111/jgs.18220.