A new research paper was published in Oncotarget's Volume 14 on March 24, 2023, entitled, "Downregulation of angulin-1/LSR induces malignancy via upregulation of EGF-dependent claudin-2 and TGF-β-dependent cell metabolism in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells."
Abnormal expression of bicellular tight junction claudins, including claudin-2 are observed during carcinogenesis in human lung adenocarcinoma. However, little is known about the role of tricellular tight junction molecule angulin-1/lipolysis-stimulated lipoprotein receptor (LSR).
In the present study, researchers Wataru Arai, Takumi Konno, Takayuki Kohno, Yuki Kodera, Mitsuhiro Tsujiwaki, Yuma Shindo, Hirofumi Chiba, Masahiro Miyajima, Yuji Sakuma, Atsushi Watanabe, and Takashi Kojima from Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine examined expression of claudin-2 in the lung adenocarcinoma tissues and found it was higher than in normal lung tissues, while angulin-1/LSR was poorly or faintly expressed.
"We investigated how loss of angulin-1/LSR affects the malignancy of lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 and normal human lung epithelial (HLE) cells."
The researchers found that the EGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG1478 prevented the increase of claudin-2 expression induced by EGF in A549 cells. Knockdown of LSR induced expression of claudin-2 at the protein and mRNA levels and AG1478 prevented the upregulation of claudin-2 in A549 cells. Knockdown of LSR induced cell proliferation, cell migration and cell metabolism in A549 cells. Knockdown of claudin-2 inhibited the cell proliferation but did not affect the cell migration or cell metabolism of A549 cells.
The TGF-β type I receptor inhibitor EW-7197 prevented the decrease of LSR and claudin-2 induced by TGF-β1 in A549 cells and 2D culture of normal HLE cells. EW-7197 prevented the increase of cell migration and cell metabolism induced by TGF-β1 in A549 cells. EW-7197 prevented the increase of epithelial permeability of FITC-4kD dextran induced by TGF-β1 in 2.5D culture of normal HLE cells. In conclusion, downregulation of angulin-1/LSR induces malignancy via EGF-dependent claudin-2 and TGF-β-dependent cell metabolism in human lung adenocarcinoma.
"In conclusion, AG1478 and EW-7197 demonstrated potent in vitro anti-lung adenocarcinoma therapeutic activities via LSR/CLDN-2 and the cell metabolism. The use of both AG1478 and EW-7197 may provide a clinical therapeutic approach for lung adenocarcinoma caused by loss of angulin-1/LSR."
Arai, W., et al. (2023). Downregulation of angulin-1/LSR induces malignancy via upregulation of EGF-dependent claudin-2 and TGF-β-dependent cell metabolism in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Oncotarget. doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.27728.