OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: OGXI) announced today that data from the Phase 2 Spruce™ trial evaluating the combination of apatorsen with carboplatin and pemetrexed in patients with untreated metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) did not reach the statistical significance required to demonstrate a progression-free survival (PFS) benefit. A potential PFS benefit was observed in patients with high baseline serum Hsp27 status when treated with apatorsen. The study is ongoing and overall survival results are expected in the second half of 2016.
Treatment and maintenance therapy with apatorsen was well tolerated. Adverse events were comparable between the arms and as expected for the study chemotherapy treatment.
"We look forward to following the Spruce study through overall survival this year to determine if apatorsen can provide a treatment benefit for this population of lung cancer patients," said principal investigator David Spigel, director, lung cancer research program and chief scientific officer for Sarah Cannon Research Institute. "Despite recent advances including exciting immunotherapies, patients with lung cancer still have a significant need for new treatment options that extend survival. Chemotherapy remains a standard of care and an important option for people with advanced disease."
Spruce is a placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial sponsored and conducted by Sarah Cannon Research Institute. Approximately 155 patients with non-squamous NSCLC received either apatorsen plus carboplatin and pemetrexed therapy or placebo plus carboplatin and pemetrexed therapy in the Spruce trial. In addition to PFS and OS, other analyses are being conducted to evaluate tumor response rates, safety, tolerability, and the effect of therapy on Hsp27 levels. Detailed results will be presented at an upcoming medical meeting.
"PFS can provide an early signal of activity in lung cancer trials, yet overall survival continues to be the benchmark for determining both clinical and regulatory significance," said Scott Cormack, President and CEO of OncoGenex. "Overall survival results from Spruce expected later this year will inform the future development of apatorsen in lung cancer. We plan to continue to evaluate a potential correlation between Hsp27 and survival benefit in this and other apatorsen trials."
Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, with approximately 1.8 million new cases per year. It is the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women in the U.S., with approximately 160,000 Americans expected to die from the disease in 2016. Non-squamous histology NSCLC includes adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma and accounts for more than half of all diagnoses.
OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.