Researchers at the University of Cincinnati are looking to enroll participants in a clinical trial, only being offered locally, to determine how the use of proton radiotherapy can be used for patients with early stage breast cancer.
This trial, led by Teresa Meier, MD, assistant professor of radiation oncology at the UC College of Medicine and a UC Health radiation oncologist, is being funded by grant money from Ride Cincinnati.
"This study will evaluate the effectiveness and cosmetic outcome of using pencil beam scanning proton therapy for partial breast irradiation in patients with early stage breast cancer," she says. "Additionally, we'll evaluate side effects patients experience as well as cancer recurrence rates."
Proton radiotherapy is a form of radiation treatment used for certain types of cancers and lymphomas. A major advantage over traditional forms of radiotherapy is its ability to deliver radiation to a tumor with remarkable precision, sparing healthy tissues. The Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center/UC Health Proton Therapy Center is the only facility of its kind locally and only one of about 29 in the country. Innovative research like this is an example of one of the key platforms of UC's strategic direction, Next Lives Here.
Meier says this investigator-initiated trial is unique nationally and will hopefully shed light on ways proton therapy can be used to further combat cancer and possibly spare patients from some of the associated side effects.
Breast cancer will affect one in eight women during their lifetime, and nearly two-thirds of women are diagnosed with early stage disease, with most living many years beyond their diagnosis with the side effects of their cancer treatments. For these patients, treatment has evolved from mastectomy to breast conservation therapy, which consists of a smaller surgery followed by daily radiation to the entire breast over four to six weeks. However, about one-third of women will experience significant skin toxicity--or redness of the skin which can be painful or tender--related to radiation.
Additionally, the majority of cancer recurrences occur close to where the surgery took place, and proton therapy is able to target a specific area, sparing healthy breast tissue and eliminating unnecessary irradiation of nearby organs, like the heart and lungs. The beam is able to 'paint' the targeted area spot-by-spot."
Teresa Meier, MD, Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology at the UC College of Medicine and a UC Health Radiation Oncologist
Meier says for this small pilot study, researchers are looking for women, aged 50 and above, who have been diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer (stage 0 or IA)--a tumor that is less than 3 centimeters in size and has not spread to the lymph nodes.
"Patients will undergo standard of care--surgery followed by radiation, which will be proton radiotherapy," she adds. "Partial breast radiation will be delivered twice a day, at least six hours apart, over five treatment days. We will provide this treatment to 21 patients with follow up over a period of three years."
"We're excited to offer this trial to patients and hope it provides insight into ways we can better and more effectively treat them for overall better quality of life," she adds.