Four years ago academics, emergency responders and industry partners from across Europe came together with a common goal - to create new technologies and systems that would save lives during a chemical, biological, radioactive or nuclear (CBRN) incident.
On Wednesday (22 May 2019) the true capabilities of these life-saving technologies, developed as part of the Loughborough University-led TOXI-Triage project, were demonstrated at a mass casualty field trial in Finland.
During the project's Exercise DISPERSE the emergency services of Mikkeli, Finland, diagnosed and decontaminated more than 100 people affected by a simulated chlorine gas escape using the ground-breaking TOXI-Triage devices and systems.
The field trial was the largest ever undertaken by the project team and took years of planning. Technologies and systems put to the test during the three-hour exercise included:
- Drones containing radiological and poison cloud monitoring instrumentation to collect data directly from the incident 'hot zone'
- A Tag and Trace system for casualties that provides real-time data on their status and location to aid the management of decontamination activity
- BreathSpec - a new system to rapidly determine the level of casualty exposure to poisons by analyzing the skin, salvia and breath
- TOXI-Motive - a way to utilize social media to track a crisis situation as it develops, aiding the deployment of the emergency services and tackling the spread of fake news
- An integrator system that pulls together all the data from the diagnostic technologies to give command control the most comprehensive information on an incident and its casualties in real-time
Speaking about the field trial Loughborough University's Professor Paul Thomas, who is leading the TOXI-Triage project, said:
Exercise DISPERSE has demonstrated just what is achievable when the expertise of academics, emergency services and industry leaders from across Europe come together with a common goal.
Four years ago we set out on a journey to ultimately save lives. What we have shown through this exercise is that we now have technologies capable of achieving this goal. We can rapidly assess a CBRN incident hot zone via deployable sensors; track in real time casualties and their status; instantly diagnose if a casualty has been contaminated via an onsite breath test; assess the skin of casualties to ensure they have been successfully decontaminated; use social media to aid and react to an emergency response; and vitally pull all this information together via an integrator to give emergency commanders the most comprehensive information of what is occurring during an incident.
I am beyond proud of what the team has collectively achieved and demonstrated here in Finland. Our ambition for these technologies to be taken to the next level of development, and ultimately become standard practice for an emergency response, is stronger than ever."
TOXI-Triage is funded by the European Commission. The project consists of 18 teams spanning the emergency and health services, defense, industry, and university academics.