Exploring how diets rich in saturated fats and cholesterol influence periodontal diseases

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In a research, led by the University of Granada, in which researchers from the Universidad Europea del Atlántico (European University of the Atlantic, UNEATLANTICO), such as Mario Cordero and Maurizio Battino, it has been studied how diets rich in saturated fats and cholesterol influence certain aspects of periodontal diseases. This international research also involved the collaboration of researchers from Newcastle University in the United Kingdom, the Marche Polytechnic University in Italy, Jiangsu University and Northwestern University, both in China.In a research, led by the University of Granada, in which researchers from the Universidad Europea del Atlántico (European University of the Atlantic, UNEATLANTICO), such as Mario Cordero and Maurizio Battino, it has been studied how diets rich in saturated fats and cholesterol influence certain aspects of periodontal diseases. This international research also involved the collaboration of researchers from Newcastle University in the United Kingdom, the Marche Polytechnic University in Italy, Jiangsu University and Northwestern University, both in China.

The study entitled "A Diet Rich in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol Aggravates the Effect of Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide on Alveolar Bone Loss in a Rabbit Model of Periodontal Disease" was published in the Nutrients journal in which they found an intriguing connection between the foods consumed and gum health.

According to the study, a diet rich in saturated fats and cholesterol could aggravate alveolar bone loss caused by periodontal disease. Periodontitis, a serious condition that affects the gums and the support of the teeth, has been linked to other systemic diseases such as metabolic syndrome, atherosclerosis, and liver disease due to fat accumulation. While the relationship is complex, these results suggest that diet may play a key role in long-term dental health.

One of the most striking findings of this study was the impact of a diet rich in saturated fat and cholesterol on alveolar bone loss in animal models. The researchers used rabbits in their experiment and found that those consuming a diet high in saturated fat and cholesterol experienced more pronounced bone loss when exposed to bacterial lipopolysaccharides associated with periodontal disease. In turn, these rabbits also showed increased acinar inflammation in the liver and elevated blood levels of triglycerides and phospholipids.

While more research is needed to fully understand how diet affects periodontal disease in humans, being aware of saturated fat and cholesterol intake could be beneficial to long-term gum health. Making smart dietary choices, including a balanced diet with a focus on fruits, vegetables, and healthy sources of protein can have a positive impact on the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease.

In addition to reducing the intake of saturated fats and cholesterol, it is recommended to improve other dietary guidelines, such as limiting the consumption of sugars, increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables, and maintaining adequate hydration. Proper tooth brushing, flossing and regular visits to the dentist are also key practices for maintaining a healthy mouth. This information may be especially relevant for those who already have risk factors such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or tobacco use, as understanding and controlling their diet could help prevent possible periodontal complications.

In summary, this revealing study shows that there is a clear connection between diet and gum health.

 

Source:
Journal reference:

Varela-López, A., et al. (2020). A Diet Rich in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol Aggravates the Effect of Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide on Alveolar Bone Loss in a Rabbit Model of Periodontal Disease. Nutrients. doi.org/10.3390/nu12051405.

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