Comprehensive analysis of immune checkpoint inhibitors reveals endocrine toxicity patterns

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

Announcing a new publication for Acta Materia Medica journal. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized cancer treatment but pose a challenge of immune-related adverse events (irAEs), particularly endocrine toxicity, that can severely compromise patient well-being. Existing research has often been limited in scope and has not provided comprehensive safety profiles across the diverse range of ICI therapies.

The authors of this article address this gap by performing a network meta-analysis on 55 randomized controlled trials involving 32,522 patients. Using STATA to calculate the surface under the cumulative ranking curve, we ranked the safety of various ICI monotherapies and combination therapies. ICIs were found to increase the risk of endocrine toxicities, such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, hypophysitis, thyroiditis, and adrenal insufficiency; this risk was greater with dual ICI regimens. Specifically, cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) inhibitors, such as ipilimumab, are closely associated with hypophysitis, whereas programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) inhibitors, notably pembrolizumab and nivolumab, predispose patients to thyroid-related dysfunction, such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and thyroiditis. Interestingly, nivolumab showed no elevated risk of adrenal dysfunction, in contrast to the elevated risk observed with other ICI treatments.

This study provides critical evidence-based insights for optimizing the risk-benefit balance of ICI therapies in clinical practice.

 

Source:
Journal reference:

Ouyang, P., et al. (2024) Endocrine toxicity of immune checkpoint inhibitors: a network meta-analysis of the current evidence. Acta Materia Medica. doi.org/10.15212/AMM-2023-0037.

Comments

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment
Post

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
Can sugar-free biscuits cut appetite in overweight adults? New study explores