Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy or prion disease is triggered by the conversion from cellular prion protein to pathogenic prion protein. Notably, C-transmembrane form of prion protein and cytosolic prion protein can result in neurodegenerative diseases in cases of error location,aggregation tendency, failure of signal peptides, body stress or incomplete removal of topologic prion protein.
Zhiqi Song and coworkers from China Agricultural University, China introduce two types of disease-associated prion proteins, the cytosolic form and the transmembrane form, during biosynthesis through the endoplasmic reticulum quality-control system, and propose an effective model and testing method for cytosolic forms of prion protein. Their studies, published in the Neural Regeneration Research (Vol. 8, No. 30, 2013), addressing the molecular mechanisms show that the pathogenic factor for prion disease is not limited to the prion protein, but also includes the complex intracellular environment, error location or incomplete removal of topologic prion protein.
Article: " Metabolism of minor isoforms of prion proteins: cytosolic prion protein and transmembrane prion protein," by Zhiqi Song, Deming Zhao, Lifeng Yang (State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology, National Animal Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China)
Song ZQ, Zhao DM, Yang LF. Metabolism of minor isoforms of prion proteins: cytosolic prion protein and transmembrane prion protein. Neural Regen Res. 2013;8(30):2868-2878.