EAF4 module determines physicochemical, biophysical attributes of monoclonal antibodies

Postnova Analytics Inc. reports how its Electrical Asymmetrical Flow Field Flow Fractionation (EAF4) and Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) modules have been used to determine the physicochemical and biophysical attributes of monoclonal antibodies.

EAF4 technology uniquely combines the principle of Electrical and Asymmetrical Field Flow Fractionation in just one system. In a Postnova Analytics EAF2000 system - Electrical and Cross Flow Fields are applied simultaneously across the FFF channel enabling separation by size and simultaneous measurement of particle charge based on electrophoretic mobility. Combining these two powerful separation techniques in a single platform opens the door to characterizing complex proteins, antibodies and viruses as well as charged nanoparticles, colloids, or polymers that have proven intractable to other techniques.

A new poster describes how the EAF4 module enabled simultaneous measurement of size and surface charge characteristics (electrophoretic mobility) of antibodies and proteins. While no aggregates were detected by SEC, the EAF4 system showed antibody aggregates represented 10% of the total mass injected. The researchers concluded that the FFF open channel design may allow for better recovery of injected mass than SEC, which is particularly important when seeking to quantify aggregates present in small amounts.

In the described work, a reference monoclonal antibody (RM 8671 mAb), from the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), was used to compare separation, aggregation quantification, and recovery parameters for an EAF4-UV-MALS versus SEC-UV-MALS techniques. The NIST mAb provides a representative test molecule for development of novel technology for therapeutic protein characterization.

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