A company launched from The University of Queensland's Institute for Molecular Bioscience (IMB) has passed an important milestone in developing an oral treatment for the common skin disease psoriasis.
Protagonist Therapeutics was spun out of work by Associate Professor Mark Smythe to develop new drugs for conditions previously only treated with injectables.
The company, in collaboration with Janssen Biotech, has reported that patients in a Phase 2b clinical trial who took the drug candidate JNJ-2113 had a 75 per cent improvement in their plaque psoriasis compared to those who received a placebo.
Psoriasis affects more than 500,000 Australians each year and causes an itchy, scaly and sometimes painful rash.
Dr Smythe said the trial result was a significant achievement for patients and the scientists involved.
The trial has shown it's possible to treat systemic diseases like psoriasis with peptide-based drugs that are orally delivered.
The results are the pinnacle of Protagonist's founding vision and follow 16 years of research and a lot of hard work by people in the US and Australia.
Diseases such as psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease have targets that previously could only be blocked by large molecules called macromolecular antibodies, which had to be injected because they're too big to be taken in pills.
The key to finding a molecule that worked but was small enough to be taken orally was seeing the animal venom research of my IMB colleagues.
I realized that the constrained peptide molecules in venoms could both block the right targets and were small."
Dr. Mark Smythe, Associate Professor
Dr Smythe and his team developed techniques to stabilize the peptides enough so that they could be developed into an oral drug.
Protagonist was founded in 2001 with commercial support from UniQuest Pty Ltd, UQ's commercialization company.
Protagonist is based in the USA with an office in Brisbane and is one of 15 spin-out companies from IMB and one of 125 start-ups based on UQ intellectual property.