Study reveals early death predictors in COVID-19 patients with cardiac injury

NewsGuard 100/100 Score

Announcing a new article publication for Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications journal. The activation of immune and thrombotic biomarkers at admission, and their ability to predict cardiac injury and mortality patterns in COVID-19, remains unclear.

This retrospective cohort study included 170 patients with COVID-19 with cardiac injury at the time of admission to Tongji Hospital in Wuhan between January 29, 2020, and March 8, 2020. The temporal evolution of inflammatory cytokines, coagulation markers, clinical treatment, and mortality were analyzed. Continuous variables are expressed as median (interquartile range). The Mann-Whitney test was used for two-group comparisons, whereas the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for comparisons among three groups. Categorical variables are expressed as proportions and percentages, and Fisher's exact test was used to compare differences. A multivariate regression model was used to predict in-hospital death. A simple linear regression analysis was applied to examine the correlation between baseline biomarkers and peak cTnI levels.

Of the 170 patients, 60 (35.3%) died early (<21 d), and 61 (35.9%) died after a prolonged stay. The admission laboratory findings correlating with early death were elevated interleukin 6 (IL-6) (P < 0.0001), tumor necrosis factor-α (P = 0.0025), and C-reactive protein (P < 0.0001). We observed the trajectory of biomarker changes in patients after admission hospitalization, and determined that early mortality was associated with a rapidly increasing D-dimer level, and gradually decreasing platelet and lymphocyte counts. Multivariate and simple linear regression models indicated that the risk of death was associated with immune and thrombotic pathway activation. Elevated admission cTnI levels were associated with elevated IL-6 (P = 0.03) and D-dimer (P = 0.0021) levels.

In patients with COVID-19 with cardiac injury, IL-6 and D-dimer levels at admission predicted subsequently elevated cTnI levels and early death, thus highlighting the need for early inflammatory cytokine-based risk stratification in patients with cardiac injury.


Journal reference:

Peng, K., et al. (2024). IL-6 and D-dimer Levels at Admission Predict Cardiac Injury and Early Mortality during SARS-CoV-2 Infection. Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications.


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment

While we only use edited and approved content for Azthena answers, it may on occasions provide incorrect responses. Please confirm any data provided with the related suppliers or authors. We do not provide medical advice, if you search for medical information you must always consult a medical professional before acting on any information provided.

Your questions, but not your email details will be shared with OpenAI and retained for 30 days in accordance with their privacy principles.

Please do not ask questions that use sensitive or confidential information.

Read the full Terms & Conditions.

You might also like...
Curcumin spray shows promise in fighting SARS-CoV-2 and flu viruses