Medtronic DBS Therapy improves motor function in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease: Study

In the largest, randomized, controlled study of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease, Medtronic DBS Therapy was shown to improve motor function for up to two years in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease, showing equally strong efficacy for the two most common surgical targets used for the therapy. The study, conducted at seven Veterans Affairs and six university hospitals with participation from 299 patients, compared the 24-month results of patients assigned randomly to receive DBS via one of the two common targets in the brain - the subthalamic nucleus (STN) or globus pallidus interna (GPi). The findings are published in the June 3 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine.

“Clinicians should be assured that both of the commonly used stimulation locations are equally viable targets for DBS, which has become the surgical procedure of choice for treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease.”

"These long-term data show that DBS provided sustained improvement in motor function and symptom control and increased quality of life in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease, with no statistical difference in efficacy between the two primary surgical sites," said Kenneth A. Follett, M.D., Ph.D., Iowa City VA Medical Center and professor and chief, Division of Neurosurgery at University of Nebraska Medical Center. "Clinicians should be assured that both of the commonly used stimulation locations are equally viable targets for DBS, which has become the surgical procedure of choice for treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease."

The results of the study showed that improvement in motor function, based on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) Part III, did not differ between the STN and GPi patient groups. Both groups experienced a significant improvement in average UPDRS motor scores at two years. Daily time, as reported by patient motor diaries, spent in the "on" state (classified as good symptom control and unimpeded motor function) increased, and daily time in the "off" state (classified as poor symptom control and motor impairment) decreased similarly in both groups. Furthermore, quality of life improved in both STN and GPi patients on six of eight subscales measured by the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39).

In the study, serious adverse events (SAEs) occurred in approximately half of both GPi and STN patients, with the most common SAE among both groups being surgical site infection, which occurred in less than 10 percent of each group. One death was reported in the study related to the surgical procedure (intracranial hemorrhage) and one GPi patient committed suicide. Ninety-nine percent of the SAEs were resolved by the 24-month study follow-up.

"Data collected from this study demonstrate not only the long-term efficacy of Medtronic DBS Therapy for Parkinson's disease but also the positive impact the therapy has on patients," said Tom Tefft, president of the Neuromodulation business and senior vice president at Medtronic. "These results are representative of Medtronic's commitment to provide innovative, long-term solutions for patients with chronic disease."

Source:

Medtronic, Inc.

Comments

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
Post a new comment
Post
You might also like...
New method could facilitate the diagnosis of early-stage Parkinson's disease