A rare, inherited neurodegenerative disorder will soon be the focus of an international clinical research effort led by Houston Methodist and funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, part of the National Institutes of Health.
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is characterized by degeneration of the brain and spinal cord with progressive clumsiness and balance difficulties typically leading to total disability and death. The degeneration process mimics that of Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The $6 million, five-year clinical trial readiness grant awarded to Houston Methodist and led by Tetsuo Ashizawa, M.D., will focus on several anticipated investigational therapies for SCA1 (the fastest progressing) and SCA3 (the most common type in the U.S. and Europe).
"Rare diseases, like inherited ataxias, are often a window to understand more common diseases with similar manifestations," said Ashizawa, director of the neurosciences research program at Houston Methodist Research Institute. "Colleagues at several U.S. and European locations are showing promising results in preclinical research for investigational therapies focused on SCA1 and SCA3. Now is the time for us to bring therapies to patients."
The multi-site project will include well-established ataxia physicians and scientists in approximately 20 U.S. locations and two European ataxia consortia comprised of 58 investigators from 23 institutions across Europe. Over the next five years, they will
- Establish the world's largest list of study patients at the earliest disease stages, those who'd benefit most from treatment
- Incorporate MRI biomarkers to detect disease onset and early progression (even in pre-symptomatic individuals)
- Design clinical trial(s) that will generate the most conclusive results on treatment efficacy
Most clinical trials to date have included patients at all stages of disease. Ashizawa and colleagues say evidence shows administering therapies in the earliest stages could have the most benefit. The goal is to bring these investigational therapies to patients within the next several years.