PHERAstar® FSX Plate Reader Helps Improve Throughput of Screening Facilities

Introduction

Screening facilities need to take necessary measures continuously for increased throughput, reduced sample expenditure, better control over cost, and eventually optimized efficiency. However, compromising data quality for saving samples, time and money is meaningless.

This article demonstrates the performance of the PHERAstar® FSX plate reader to detect a multiplex Alpha Technology (AlphaLISA® –AlphaPlexTM) type assay with two emission fluorophores. The concurrent dual emission detection of this assay on the PHERAstar FSX enables users to obtain double the information from each well at the same time taken by a standard AlphaLISA plate.

Assay Principle

The AlphaLISA principle is well defined. AlphaPlex, a modified AlphaLISA, that has been recently launched, has an emission wavelength with a peak 545nm rather than the conventional 615nm. As a result, changes in amount of two different targets can now be monitored simultaneously in the same well (Figure 1). The AlphaLISA SDE optic module allows simultaneous measurement of both emission wavelengths.

Figure 1. Multiplex Alpha technology principle: AlphaLISA and AlphaPlex used at once. For each protein target one antibody was conjugated to an acceptor bead and a 2nd biotinylated antibody was used. Streptavidin coated donor beads were added subsequently.

Materials and Methods

  • PHERAstar FSX (Figure 2)
  • Packard proxiplate F, 384 well, black
  • Purified proteins (Target 1 & 2), Antibodies
  • AlphaLISA Acceptor beads
  • AlphaPLEX 545 Acceptor beads
  • Streptavidin Alpha donor beads

Figure 2. The PHERAstar FSX. The new gold standard for HTS featuring simultaneous dual emission detection.

For the two protein targets, antibody pairs were chosen individually. The next step was conjugating one of the paired antibodies for each protein target to either AlphaLISA acceptor beads or AlphaPLEX 545nm acceptor beads (for protein target 1) and biotinylating the other antibody of each pair.

Preparation of two fold serial dilution of protein target 1 from an initial concentration of 256μg/mL was then carried out for test purposes. The varying concentrations were mixed with either 128μg/mL of target protein 2 or buffer for preparing plates. This was followed by preparing and plating a similar dilution series of target protein 2 with either 128μg/mL of target protein 1 or buffer.

The next step was preparing and adding a mixture consisting of biotinylated antibodies and acceptor beads for both target proteins to the reaction plates. After incubating for roughly 1 hour, a donor bead solution was mixed with the reaction plates. This was followed by incubating reaction plates for roughly 1 hour at room temperature before being detected on the PHERAstar FSX, utilizing either an AlphaLISA SDE module (EmA: 615nm, EmB: 545nm) or a standard AlphaLISA module (Em: 615nm).

The PHERAstar FSX Instrument settings are listed in Table 1.

Table 1. The PHERAstar FSX Instrument settings

Focal height

8.0mm

Aperture spoon

384 well

Settling time

0.1s

Excitation time

0.26s

Integration start

0.28s

Integration time

0.12s

 

 

Results and Discussion

It was initially believed to be important to corroborate that the use of the AlphaLISA SDE module would not influence the well characterized AlphaLISA results. Figure 3 and Table 2 compare the performance of two modules used for detecting protein target 2 on separate plates. The results reveal that the performance of the SDE module is comparable to the conventional AlphaLISA® module.

Figure 3. Comparison of AlphaLISA and AlphaLISA SDE module performance. Alpha signal is plotted vs. the different concentrations of target protein 2 present. Average signal from AlphaLISA and AlphaLISA SDE modules could be plotted using a 2nd order polynomial function with R2 values of 0.9986 and 0.9991 respectively. Error bars indicate standard deviation (n=8).

Table 2. Assay parameters obtained either with the AlphaLISA standard optic module or with the AlphaLISA SDE optic module

 

AlphaLISA

AlphaLISA SDE

Signal/blank*

138.1

124.8

z-prime**

0.797

0.863

 

* Signal of protein at 256µg/ml divided by no protein control

** based on data for protein at 256µg/ml as positive control and no protein control as negative control

The next step was exploring the effect, if any, on detection due to the presence of a second signal in the well. For this purpose, target protein 1 dilutions were plated when target protein 2 was present, followed by reading the plates with the AlphaLISA SDE module. As can be seen in Figure 4, the detection of signal in the 545 channel is not affected in spite of the presence of a high level of signal in the 615 channel.

Figure 4. Comparison of AlphaLISA SDE module signal detection for 545nm and 615nm emission. Average 545nm Alpha signal is plotted vs. the different concentrations of target protein 1 present using a 2nd order polynomial function (R2 = 0.9997). Average 615nm Alpha signal is plotted for comparison. Error bars indicate standard deviation (n=8).

Likewise, the any possible effect on the detection in the 615nm channel due to the presence of 545nm signal was explored. As can be observed in Figure 5, the detection of 615nm signal was not affected by the presence of 545nm signal.

Figure 5. Comparison of AlphaLISA SDE module signal detection for 615nm and 545nm emission. Average 615nm Alpha signal is plotted vs. the different concentrations of target protein 2 present using a 2nd order polynomial function (R2 = 0.9997). Average 545nm Alpha signal is plotted for comparison. Error bars indicate standard deviation (n=8).

Conclusion

The results have clearly demonstrated the ability of the PHERAstar FSX plate reader to perform simultaneous detection of both 615 and 545nm Alpha technology signals with no deterioration in data quality.

Acknowledgements

Produced from materials originally authored by Carl Peters, BMG Labtech, Cary, NC.

About BMG Labtech

BMG LABTECH is a leading developer and global manufacturer of microplate reader instrumentation with a wide range of measurement methods. Microplate readers are used in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries, as well as in academic research establishments, for both basic research analysis and High Throughput Screening. BMG LABTECH focuses solely on microplate readers and offers the most diverse selection of optical detection systems in conjunction with integrated liquid handling equipment.


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Last updated: Jul 14, 2018 at 6:43 PM

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