Meningitis

Meningitis is an infection of the fluid of a person's spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. People sometimes refer to it as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Knowing whether meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is important because the severity of illness and the treatment differ. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and resolves without specific treatment, while bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people. Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, but new vaccines being given to all children as part of their routine immunizations have reduced the occurrence of invasive disease due to H. influenzae. Today, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the leading causes of bacterial meningitis.

Overview

Feature Articles

Latest Meningitis News and Research

Study maps SARS-CoV-2 infected brains

Study maps SARS-CoV-2 infected brains

Brain pericytes serve as a potential hub for SARS-CoV-2 infection

Brain pericytes serve as a potential hub for SARS-CoV-2 infection

Complication of severe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia results in persistent cortical blindness: Case report

Complication of severe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia results in persistent cortical blindness: Case report

Certain malaria parasites use a mechanism to cross the blood–brain barrier

Certain malaria parasites use a mechanism to cross the blood–brain barrier

Cannabidiol kills bacteria responsible for gonorrhea, meningitis, and legionnaires disease

Cannabidiol kills bacteria responsible for gonorrhea, meningitis, and legionnaires disease

World Health Assembly calls for urgent action on prevention and control of meningitis

World Health Assembly calls for urgent action on prevention and control of meningitis

International health organizations establish global Ebola vaccine stockpile

International health organizations establish global Ebola vaccine stockpile

COVID-19 pandemic highlights the risk of using systemic corticosteroids

COVID-19 pandemic highlights the risk of using systemic corticosteroids

Study shows an inflammatory response in the mice brain is responsible for severe COVID-19

Study shows an inflammatory response in the mice brain is responsible for severe COVID-19

Study provides valuable interaction about animal host and pathogen during pneumococcal infections

Study provides valuable interaction about animal host and pathogen during pneumococcal infections

RNA mutations within common bacterium linked to invasive meningococcal disease

RNA mutations within common bacterium linked to invasive meningococcal disease

Can melatonin help prevent severe COVID-19?

Can melatonin help prevent severe COVID-19?

MARA project aims to use new DNA based nanotechnology to fight bacteria

MARA project aims to use new DNA based nanotechnology to fight bacteria

Widely used antibiotic shows promise for fighting against Zika infections

Widely used antibiotic shows promise for fighting against Zika infections

Inexpensive molecule shows potential to fight antibiotic-resistant bacteria causing gonorrhea, meningitis

Inexpensive molecule shows potential to fight antibiotic-resistant bacteria causing gonorrhea, meningitis

Early, late stages of neurodegeneration are distinct, finds study

Early, late stages of neurodegeneration are distinct, finds study

Single clinical laboratory test can rapidly detect serious infections

Single clinical laboratory test can rapidly detect serious infections

World Health Assembly to discuss plan for addressing COVID-19 response and critical health goals

World Health Assembly to discuss plan for addressing COVID-19 response and critical health goals

First-of-its-kind synthetic DNA vaccine designed against Powassan virus

First-of-its-kind synthetic DNA vaccine designed against Powassan virus

Study indicates the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 viral infection and diabetes

Study indicates the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 viral infection and diabetes