Meningitis

Meningitis is an infection of the fluid of a person's spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. People sometimes refer to it as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Knowing whether meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is important because the severity of illness and the treatment differ. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and resolves without specific treatment, while bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people. Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, but new vaccines being given to all children as part of their routine immunizations have reduced the occurrence of invasive disease due to H. influenzae. Today, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the leading causes of bacterial meningitis.

Overview

Feature Articles

Latest Meningitis News and Research

Genomic surveillance highlights the challenges posed by "shapeshifting" strains

Genomic surveillance highlights the challenges posed by "shapeshifting" strains

What is the prevalence of COVID-associated neurologic complications in hospitalized US children?

What is the prevalence of COVID-associated neurologic complications in hospitalized US children?

Children hospitalized with COVID-19 commonly experience neurologic complications

Children hospitalized with COVID-19 commonly experience neurologic complications

Researchers investigate the protection against meningococcal infection in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients

Researchers investigate the protection against meningococcal infection in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients

RINVOQ® (upadacitinib) Approved by European Commission as an Oral Treatment for Adults with Active Non-Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis

RINVOQ® (upadacitinib) Approved by European Commission as an Oral Treatment for Adults with Active Non-Radiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis

To stem the spread of monkeypox, health departments tap into networks of those most at risk

To stem the spread of monkeypox, health departments tap into networks of those most at risk

The role of the CDC in the management of COVID-19 vaccination programs

The role of the CDC in the management of COVID-19 vaccination programs

Invasive pneumococcal disease among children during the COVID-19 pandemic in England

Invasive pneumococcal disease among children during the COVID-19 pandemic in England

‘Hypervitaminosis D’ is on the rise and linked to serious health issues

‘Hypervitaminosis D’ is on the rise and linked to serious health issues

Acute illness increases cortisol levels in children and adolescents

Acute illness increases cortisol levels in children and adolescents

CDC continues investigation of meningococcal disease outbreak among gay and bisexual men in Florida

CDC continues investigation of meningococcal disease outbreak among gay and bisexual men in Florida

Com-COV 3 study focuses on assessing a third dose booster vaccination for young people aged 12 to 15

Com-COV 3 study focuses on assessing a third dose booster vaccination for young people aged 12 to 15

Scientists identify a new pneumococcal vaccine candidate

Scientists identify a new pneumococcal vaccine candidate

Approximately 13% of hospitalized COVID patients have serious neurologic symptoms

Approximately 13% of hospitalized COVID patients have serious neurologic symptoms

Evaluation of the potential of new and repurposed TB vaccines

Evaluation of the potential of new and repurposed TB vaccines

New insights on the mechanisms of transmission of bacterial pathogen that causes listeriosis

New insights on the mechanisms of transmission of bacterial pathogen that causes listeriosis

Study highlights the need to improve clinical management of Malawian children with low blood sugar or blood oxygen levels

Study highlights the need to improve clinical management of Malawian children with low blood sugar or blood oxygen levels

Study reveals how fungus blocks and bursts blood vessels in the brain

Study reveals how fungus blocks and bursts blood vessels in the brain

Anti-vaccine ideology gains ground as lawmakers seek to erode rules for kids’ shots

Anti-vaccine ideology gains ground as lawmakers seek to erode rules for kids’ shots

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on vaccination campaigns for diseases preventable by vaccine

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on vaccination campaigns for diseases preventable by vaccine