Meningitis

Meningitis is an infection of the fluid of a person's spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. People sometimes refer to it as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Knowing whether meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is important because the severity of illness and the treatment differ. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and resolves without specific treatment, while bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people. Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, but new vaccines being given to all children as part of their routine immunizations have reduced the occurrence of invasive disease due to H. influenzae. Today, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the leading causes of bacterial meningitis.

Overview

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Latest Meningitis News and Research

New method will enable production of tailor-made vaccines

New method will enable production of tailor-made vaccines

X-ray free electron laser helps probe deeper into deadly pathogen

X-ray free electron laser helps probe deeper into deadly pathogen

New tool incorporates PET and CT scans to measure effectiveness of key anti-TB medicine

New tool incorporates PET and CT scans to measure effectiveness of key anti-TB medicine

Measles re-emerging globally

Measles re-emerging globally

England reports highest rates of mumps

England reports highest rates of mumps

MCG physicians help rural hospitals better treat patients by establishing tele-EDs

MCG physicians help rural hospitals better treat patients by establishing tele-EDs

New strategies needed to reduce pneumococcal meningitis rates

New strategies needed to reduce pneumococcal meningitis rates

Study finds higher suicide rate among people with neurological disorders

Study finds higher suicide rate among people with neurological disorders

New vaccine designs could reduce rates of dangerous bacterial disease

New vaccine designs could reduce rates of dangerous bacterial disease

Global funding for neglected disease research reaches a record high

Global funding for neglected disease research reaches a record high

BCG vaccine formulations vary widely in their characteristics, study shows

BCG vaccine formulations vary widely in their characteristics, study shows

What parents need to know about the HPV vaccine

What parents need to know about the HPV vaccine

Call for FDA to withdraw preterm birth drug divides doctors and insurers

Call for FDA to withdraw preterm birth drug divides doctors and insurers

Being exposed to diesel exhaust particles raises pneumococcal disease risk

Being exposed to diesel exhaust particles raises pneumococcal disease risk

CEA-Leti’s lensfree microscope to be demonstrated at CES 2020

CEA-Leti’s lensfree microscope to be demonstrated at CES 2020

New research could lead to an improved vaccine to protect against meningococcal infections

New research could lead to an improved vaccine to protect against meningococcal infections

E.coli infections linked to chopped salad kits, CDC warns

E.coli infections linked to chopped salad kits, CDC warns

Common first-line treatment for cryptococcal meningitis in being compromised by drug resistance

Common first-line treatment for cryptococcal meningitis in being compromised by drug resistance

Common treatment for cryptococcal meningitis compromised by emergence of drug resistance

Common treatment for cryptococcal meningitis compromised by emergence of drug resistance

Samoa measles epidemic escalates as death toll reaches 32

Samoa measles epidemic escalates as death toll reaches 32