Meningitis

Meningitis is an infection of the fluid of a person's spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. People sometimes refer to it as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Knowing whether meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is important because the severity of illness and the treatment differ. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and resolves without specific treatment, while bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people. Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, but new vaccines being given to all children as part of their routine immunizations have reduced the occurrence of invasive disease due to H. influenzae. Today, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the leading causes of bacterial meningitis.

Overview

Feature Articles

Latest Meningitis News and Research

Patients with neurological symptoms associated with COVID-19 are six times more likely to die

Patients with neurological symptoms associated with COVID-19 are six times more likely to die

Scientists develop an ultrasonic imaging system to visualize cell abnormalities in 3D

Scientists develop an ultrasonic imaging system to visualize cell abnormalities in 3D

Weather forecasts can be a potential tool to help combat meningitis

Weather forecasts can be a potential tool to help combat meningitis

World Immunization Week: Vaccination in 2021

World Immunization Week: Vaccination in 2021

World Malaria Day 2021: An interview with Sir Brian Greenwood

World Malaria Day 2021: An interview with Sir Brian Greenwood

INRS professor receives CIHR funding for research on nasopharyngeal bacteria

INRS professor receives CIHR funding for research on nasopharyngeal bacteria

Can COVID-19 cause hearing loss, vertigo, and tinnitus?

Can COVID-19 cause hearing loss, vertigo, and tinnitus?

B.1.1.7 SARS-CoV-2 variant significantly more dangerous

B.1.1.7 SARS-CoV-2 variant significantly more dangerous

Hearing loss, other auditory problems strongly linked with Covid-19

Hearing loss, other auditory problems strongly linked with Covid-19

Tailored approach is required to fight antibiotic resistance

Tailored approach is required to fight antibiotic resistance

One in four people could face some degree of hearing loss by 2050, WHO report warns

One in four people could face some degree of hearing loss by 2050, WHO report warns

Innovative cancer treatment effective in combating fungal infection in vitro and in mice

Innovative cancer treatment effective in combating fungal infection in vitro and in mice

Study maps SARS-CoV-2 infected brains

Study maps SARS-CoV-2 infected brains

Brain pericytes serve as a potential hub for SARS-CoV-2 infection

Brain pericytes serve as a potential hub for SARS-CoV-2 infection

Complication of severe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia results in persistent cortical blindness: Case report

Complication of severe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia results in persistent cortical blindness: Case report

Certain malaria parasites use a mechanism to cross the blood–brain barrier

Certain malaria parasites use a mechanism to cross the blood–brain barrier

Cannabidiol kills bacteria responsible for gonorrhea, meningitis, and legionnaires disease

Cannabidiol kills bacteria responsible for gonorrhea, meningitis, and legionnaires disease

World Health Assembly calls for urgent action on prevention and control of meningitis

World Health Assembly calls for urgent action on prevention and control of meningitis

International health organizations establish global Ebola vaccine stockpile

International health organizations establish global Ebola vaccine stockpile

COVID-19 pandemic highlights the risk of using systemic corticosteroids

COVID-19 pandemic highlights the risk of using systemic corticosteroids