Meningitis

Meningitis is an infection of the fluid of a person's spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. People sometimes refer to it as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Knowing whether meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is important because the severity of illness and the treatment differ. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and resolves without specific treatment, while bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. For bacterial meningitis, it is also important to know which type of bacteria is causing the meningitis because antibiotics can prevent some types from spreading and infecting other people. Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, but new vaccines being given to all children as part of their routine immunizations have reduced the occurrence of invasive disease due to H. influenzae. Today, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the leading causes of bacterial meningitis.

Overview

Feature Articles

Latest Meningitis News and Research

Study finds reductions in hospital admissions for childhood infections during first year of pandemic

Study finds reductions in hospital admissions for childhood infections during first year of pandemic

Study opens up prospects for using virotherapy to treat central nervous system tumors

Study opens up prospects for using virotherapy to treat central nervous system tumors

A nematode infection can become severe and deadly with the use of corticosteroids

A nematode infection can become severe and deadly with the use of corticosteroids

West African countries must increase COVID-19 vaccination rates to achieve population-level immunity

West African countries must increase COVID-19 vaccination rates to achieve population-level immunity

AI-based technology to identify patients at risk of serious illness as a result of blood infections

AI-based technology to identify patients at risk of serious illness as a result of blood infections

Octapharma USA announces FDA approval of cutaquig 16.5% for pediatric PI patients

Octapharma USA announces FDA approval of cutaquig 16.5% for pediatric PI patients

Single-dose HPV vaccine could be effective for preventing cervical cancer

Single-dose HPV vaccine could be effective for preventing cervical cancer

Study shows SARS-CoV-2 can infect and replicate in human iPSC-derived neurons

Study shows SARS-CoV-2 can infect and replicate in human iPSC-derived neurons

UC researchers engineer new probiotic to target and break down cancer cell defenses

UC researchers engineer new probiotic to target and break down cancer cell defenses

Trial positions single-dose HPV vaccination as a high impact public health intervention

Trial positions single-dose HPV vaccination as a high impact public health intervention

Researchers identify compounds that tackle fungal infections in a new way

Researchers identify compounds that tackle fungal infections in a new way

Neurological complications are higher with SARS-CoV-2 infection than COVID vaccine, study finds

Neurological complications are higher with SARS-CoV-2 infection than COVID vaccine, study finds

COVID-19 and subacute neuropsychiatric symptoms in adolescents

COVID-19 and subacute neuropsychiatric symptoms in adolescents

Clinical trial shows no benefit of tamoxifen in treating deadly fungal meningitis

Clinical trial shows no benefit of tamoxifen in treating deadly fungal meningitis

New data reveals safety, efficacy of nusinersen drug delivery method for SMA patients with advanced disease

New data reveals safety, efficacy of nusinersen drug delivery method for SMA patients with advanced disease

The neurological effects of COVID-19

The neurological effects of COVID-19

Large study of COVID vaccine side effects in Sweden

Large study of COVID vaccine side effects in Sweden

WHO and partners launch the first ever global strategy to defeat meningitis

WHO and partners launch the first ever global strategy to defeat meningitis

Diverse vaccine attitudes amongst UK healthcare workers suggest hesitancy may remain after vaccine acceptance

Diverse vaccine attitudes amongst UK healthcare workers suggest hesitancy may remain after vaccine acceptance

Kawasaki Disease presents a growing threat to UK children’s heart health

Kawasaki Disease presents a growing threat to UK children’s heart health