On World No Tobacco Day, the American Thoracic Society, alongside members of the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS), calls for renewed efforts to strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in all countries, in order to work towards achieving the United Nations (UN) Global Goals for Sustainable Development to ensure a healthy life and promote well-being for all, at all ages.
Tobacco contributes to millions of deaths globally each year, and smoking tobacco cigarettes is the main cause of many lung diseases. Approximately half of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) deaths and 8 out of 10 cases of lung cancer are attributable to current and past smoking, tobacco also fuels the global epidemic of tuberculosis.
Professor Tobias Welte, current president of both FIRS and the European Respiratory Society (ERS), explains:
Tobacco smoking is without doubt the single most important risk factor for respiratory disease. We know what is effective in reducing the rates of tobacco smoking: high prices on tobacco; legislation to protect children and adults from second-hand exposure; strict marketing bans; regulation of tobacco products, packaging and point-of-sale displays; raising public awareness; and limiting interactions between public officials and the tobacco industry.
But to further encourage all current smokers to quit so that we can reduce morbidity and mortality from smoking over the next two decades and beyond, these tactics must be combined with effective and free smoking cessation services, which ideally includes professional counseling and free or subsidized smoking cessation medication.”
The WHO says the speed of action to decrease tobacco demand (and consequent death and disease) is failing to keep up with global and national commitments to reduce the proportion of people who smoke tobacco by 30 percent by 2025, and warns that if current rates continue, the world will only achieve a 22 percent reduction by 2025.
To work towards the UN Global Goals for Sustainable Development for further implementation of the WHO FCTC, FIRS calls for stronger efforts to:
- Increase taxes and prices on tobacco products
- Implement plain/standardized packaging and/or large graphic health warnings on all tobacco packages
- Improve public access to free smoking cessation services
- Enact and enforce comprehensive bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship
- Eliminate exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke in all indoor workplaces and public places, and on public transport
- Implement effective mass media campaigns that educate the public about the harms of smoking/tobacco use and second-hand smoke.
Tackling tobacco is key to reducing morbidity and mortality from lung disease across the world, which is why we must continue combining our efforts to maintain pressure upon policymakers, to educate the public, and to encourage and support smokers to quit.