Blood pressure drug could help lower anxiety for kids and young adults with ASD

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A new study at the University of Missouri's Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopment found that propranolol, a medication that treats high blood pressure, can also help lower anxiety for kids and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Given that some individuals with ASD tend to struggle with anxiety at a far greater rate than their neurotypical peers, the new finding can significantly help such individuals with ASD. David Beversdorf, a clinician at the Thompson Center, led the study, which involved 69 patients over a three-year span. Compared to a placebo group, the participants who received propranolol showed significantly reduced anxiety levels at their 12-week check-up appointments while receiving the medication. The study also examined if there were significant changes in the individuals' social communication skills, but no significant changes were found.

"The findings show that propranolol could serve as a helpful intervention for reducing anxiety for individuals with autism," said Beversdorf, who also has appointments in the MU School of Medicine and the MU College of Arts and Science. "This drug has been around since the 1960s and is very inexpensive. Up until now, we haven't had any known drugs that target psychiatric issues specifically for individuals with autism, so these results are very promising and can support future research."

As a practicing clinician, Beversdorf has seen firsthand the positive benefits propranolol can have in improving the overall quality of life for some patients with ASD and their families.

As researchers, we try our best to improve the lives of our patients, and it feels rewarding to help out. I went into the field of neurology knowing I wanted to try to find new treatment options and interventions to benefit people with autism."

David Beversdorf, professor of radiology, neurology and psychological sciences and the William and Nancy Thompson Endowed Chair in Radiology

"Randomized controlled trial of propranolol on social communication and anxiety in children and young adults with autism spectrum disorder," was recently published in Psychopharmacology. Funding was provided by the United States Department of Defense Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program.

Journal reference:

Beversdorf, D.Q., et al. (2024) Randomized controlled trial of propranolol on social communication and anxiety in children and young adults with autism spectrum disorder. Psychopharmacology.


The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical.
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