Jul 12 2010
Potent and consistent antiviral efficacy was demonstrated at 24-week end-of-treatment and in interim SVR4 and SVR12 results. There were no clinically relevant differences between TMC435 treatment groups and placebo for adverse events.
“We also are looking forward to the top-line data coming up from the phase 2b trial C206 (ASPIRE) in treatment-experienced patients later this year as well as start of phase 3 clinical trials in treatment-naïve patients early next year.”
Medivir (STO:MVIRB) announced today 24-week end-of-treatment interim results from the 5-arm phase 2b response guided PILLAR study in 386 treatment-naïve patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype-1 (TMC435-C205).
TMC435 is a protease inhibitor jointly developed by Medivir and Tibotec Pharmaceuticals, dosed as one pill once daily (q.d.) to treat hepatitis C virus infections (HCV).
In the PILLAR study, 75mg or 150mg TMC435 was given for either 12 weeks or 24 weeks in combination with 24 weeks of ribavirin and pegIFNalpha-2A, the current standard of care (SOC). Patients stopped all treatment at week 24 when HCV RNA levels at week 4 were < 25 log10 IU/mL detectable or undetectable and HCV RNA levels at week 12, week 16 and week 20 were < 25 log10 IU/mL undetectable. Patients who did not meet the above response-guided criteria continued with SOC until week 48. The results showed that in the TMC435 treatment groups 83% of patients were able to stop all therapy at Week 24.
Potent and consistent antiviral efficacy was demonstrated at 24-week end-of-treatment and in interim SVR4 and SVR12 rates with no major differences between TMC435 doses or length of triple therapy. 92% of patients taking TMC435 and Peg-IFN/RBV (SoC) achieved undetectable HCV RNA levels at week 4 and 92% at week 12 after cessation of treatment, i.e. SVR4 and SVR12. SVR4 and SVR12 data were available for 82% and 42% of the TMC435-treated patients respectively who had stopped all therapy before or at Week 24 and had completed the follow-up visits. Both the viral breakthrough rate (4.9%) and relapse rate (1.6%) were low in the TMC435 treatment groups.
TMC435 was generally safe and well tolerated with no relevant differences in adverse events (AEs) between placebo and TMC435 treatment groups. Most AEs were mild to moderate in severity and the discontinuation rate due to AEs was low and not different from placebo.
When looking at particular adverse events of interest, the incidence of rash, pruritis, GI side effects and anemia were similar in TMC435 groups and placebo and were generally mild to moderate in nature. Use of erythropoetin-stimulating agents (ESAs) was not allowed during the trial.
In laboratory parameters, there were no clinically relevant differences between any TMC435 groups and placebo except for mild bilirubin elevations. Significant decreases in transaminases (ALT and AST) were observed in all treatment groups.
Further safety and efficacy data will be presented at future scientific meetings later in 2010.
"We are extremely encouraged and excited by the efficacy and safety demonstrating that TMC435 is truly a second-generation HCV protease inhibitor," stated Bertil Samuelsson, CSO of Medivir. "We also are looking forward to the top-line data coming up from the phase 2b trial C206 (ASPIRE) in treatment-experienced patients later this year as well as start of phase 3 clinical trials in treatment-naïve patients early next year."