Using Ion-Exclusion Chromatography with Inverse Suppression to Determine Boron Content in Fluoridated Drinking Water

People consume 2 mg of boron from their food and beverages every day. This amount is much lower than any toxic level. However, some plants are extremely sensitive to boron levels above 1 mg/L, for instance, blackberries and strawberries.

Since boron levels in seawater are in the range of 4-5.5 mg/L, it is necessary to perform desalination to eliminate excess boron content as well as other ions. This article shows the application of ion-exclusion chromatography with conductivity detection following inverse suppression to determine boron content as borate in fluoridated drinking water.

Sample

Fluorinated drinking water.

Sample preparation

Direct injection.

Columns

Metrosep Organic Acids - 250/7.8 6.1005.200
Metrosep RP 2 Guard/3.5 6.1011.030

Solutions

Eluent 0.3 mmol/L sulfuric acid
100 mmol/L mannitol
Suppressor regenerant 100 mmol/L lithium chloride
Rinsing solution Ultrapure water

Analysis

Conductivity detection after the inverse suppression.

Parameters

Flow rate 0.5 mL/minutes
Injection volume 20 μL
Pmax 7 MPa
Recording time 22 minutes
Column temperature 30 °C

Instrumentation

930 Compact IC Flex Oven/ChS/PP/Deg 2.930.2360
IC Conductivity Detector 2.850.9010
858 Professional Sample Processor 2.858.0020
MSM Rotor A 6.2832.000
Adapter sleeve for Suppressor Vario 6.2842.020

Results

Concentration [mg/L] RSD [%, n = 3]
1 Fluoride n.q. -
3 Boron 0.012 6
4 Silicate n.q. -

Peak 2 in an unknown component

About Metrohm

At Metrohm is one of the world’s most trusted manufacturers of high-precision instruments for chemical analysis. Metrohm was founded in 1943 by engineer Bertold Suhner in Herisau, Switzerland. Today, Metrohm is represented in 120 countries by subsidiaries and exclusive distributors. The global Metrohm Group also includes the Dutch companies Metrohm Applikon and Metrohm Autolab, manufacturers of online analyzers and instruments for electrochemical research, respectively. Recently, the Metrohm Group was joined by Metrohm Raman, a leading manufacturer of handheld Raman spectrometers.

Metrohm is the global market leader in analytical instruments for titration. Instruments for ion chromatography, voltammetry, conductivity, and stability measurement make the Metrohm portfolio for ion analysis complete. Instruments for Near-infrared and Raman spectroscopy are another, strongly growing segment of the Metrohm portfolio.

Metrohm is a problem solver, both in the laboratory and within the industrial process. To this end, the company offers their customers complete solutions, including dedicated analytical instrumentation as well as comprehensive application know-how. More than 30% of the company’s employees at the Metrohm international headquarters in Herisau work in R&D.

Metrohm has been owned 100% by the non-profit Metrohm Foundation since 1982. The Metrohm Foundation, which does not exert any influence on the company’s business operations, sponsors gifted students in the natural sciences, supports charitable and philanthropic purposes and, above all, ensures the independence of the company.


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Last updated: Apr 17, 2019 at 9:16 AM

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